Why do you need a nebulizer?
Modern people have access to many advances in medicine, including devices used to improve the effectiveness of treatment and the impact on the causes of disease. One of them is a nebulizer. But in order for him to benefit, figure out how to use and how to choose such a device.
What is a nebulizer?
The nebulizer is a specialized device intended for the treatment of various diseases. Its name comes from the Latin word “nebula”, translated as “cloud”. The principle of operation of the device lies in the fact that it converts the substances of drugs into an aerosol, dividing the components into tiny particles due to dispersed spraying. Thus, the drug acquires a more accessible form for absorption and, if inhaled, gets directly into the inflammatory focus.
The nebulizer consists of several parts. In the body is the main element, which literally crushes the drug and forms an aerosol, supplied through the tube into the mask.Through the latter, fixed on the face, the patient inhales the drug, which is poured into a special tank (it can be attached to the mask itself or placed in the body, depending on the characteristics of the device).
Important: the main difference between the nebulizer from the steam inhaler is the absence of heating of active substances. That is, not steam, but an aerosol enters the body.
When use is useful?
The nebulizer can be used for various diseases of the respiratory tract, with both the upper and lower. Its use is useful and is indicated for diseases such as pneumonia, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, tracheitis, laryngotracheitis, rhinitis, tonsillitis, adenoiditis, and others.
Procedures are effective both for cough, accompanied by the formation of viscous and thick sputum, or even stenosis (narrowing) of the respiratory tract, and for a cold. Depending on the drug used and used, inhalation may have mucolytic, expectorant, vasoconstrictor, anti-inflammatory or antibacterial effects.
How to make a choice?
How to choose a nebulizer? In order for the device to serve for a long time, be comfortable in operation and efficient, many different factors must be taken into account when purchasing. The most basic will be discussed in detail below.
There are the following types of nebulizers:
- Compressor device. The principle of its operation is based on compression: high-pressure air is supplied to a small reservoir and, at the outlet through a small opening, literally splits the components of the preparation. The main advantage is the high efficiency of the procedures achieved by the most suitable particle sizes (sometimes they can be controlled by changing the supply air pressure), which allows to maintain their integrity and provide transportation to the inflammatory foci. In addition, devices of this type have a relatively low cost. But such a nebulizer differs in impressive size and considerable weight, it works only from the power supply network and makes a lot of noise during operation.
- Ultrasonic nebulizer - a more modern version, which has both advantages and disadvantages. The principle of operation is the effect on the drug.ultrasonic waves. The device works quite quietly, but splits the active substances into particles of fixed sizes. For this reason, not all drugs can be used: some mucolytics, hormonal agents and antibiotics are not suitable, since they are destroyed by ultrasound and lose their effectiveness. It is also allowed to use only certain forms of drugs. Another disadvantage is a very substantial cost.
- The so-called mesh-nebulizer or membrane - is a modern portable device that does not emit noise during operation and is suitable for the use of absolutely any intended for inhalation drugs. The principle of operation of the device lies in the vibration of a special mesh membrane with many microscopic holes, passing through which the components are split. The main drawback is the high price.
The method of the drug
The drug can be administered in several ways:
- Continuous convection feed. In this case, the drug is fed to the mask constantly, which leads to the loss of part of the drug during exhalation.In addition, substances can be sprayed into the surrounding space and inadvertently inhaled by other people nearby. But this method is considered the most common.
- Adjustable feed. It starts the patient himself by pressing a button. This optimizes the expense of the facility, but is accompanied by some difficulties associated with the need for synchronous and frequent pressing (for this reason such devices are not suitable for children).
- Synchronization with breathing. This function is equipped only with sophisticated professional devices used in medical institutions. The drug is supplied only during inhalation, on exhalation the delivery is temporarily stopped and started during the next inhalation. This method is most effective, but devices with this function are rare and very expensive.
Features of construction and operation
Pay attention to such features:
- Equipment. The device can be supplemented with several nozzles for adults and children, as well as spare parts.
- The volume of the tank. It should correspond to the most common dosages of drugs, otherwise you will have to interrupt the procedure,to top up the medicine.
- Performance determines the volume of the aerosol, which is fed over a certain period of time. The higher this figure, the more efficient and short the procedure will be.
- Access to the camera will make it easy to disinfect it.
How to use?
To use the nebulizer to be effective and, importantly, safe, you need to know how to use this device. There are several important rules that will ensure a positive and lasting effect of therapy.
What drugs are used?
You should start with the choice of the drug. It should be performed exclusively by the attending physician, and after a complete examination, diagnosis and assessment of the patient's condition. In case of lung diseases, bronchodilators of bronchiolitis and mucolytics facilitating the release of sputum are prescribed.
For infections, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory drugs may be recommended. In asthma and obstructive bronchitis, the use of hormonal drugs is prescribed. With a cold, it is appropriate to use vasoconstrictor drugs. The use of immunomodulators is also sometimes useful.
Important rules for procedures:
- The procedure is carried out after an hour and a half after eating or exercise. Also, do not eat for 40-60 minutes after inhalation.
- It is forbidden to actively move and talk.
- Breathe smoothly, calmly, deeply.
- Observe the dosage, duration and frequency of procedures. They must be indicated by a doctor.
Precautions and Contraindications
To prevent damage to the nebulizer, all the recommendations given by the manufacturer and contained in the enclosed operating instructions must be strictly followed. It should include data such as care of the device, the duration of the procedures, possible malfunctions, as well as the restrictions used.
So, in most cases, herbs, their decoctions and infusions are not used, as the plant particles can, firstly, clog the device, and secondly, get into the lungs, which is undesirable. Also, oil solutions that form a film on the parts of the device and the inner membrane of the respiratory tract are not suitable, thereby preventing natural microcirculation and normal respiration of the tissues.
It is worth remembering about the existing contraindications, which include severe pulmonary or heart failure, disturbances of the heartbeat or breathing, recently suffered heart attacks or strokes, severe lung diseases (open tuberculosis, pneumothorax, emphysema), pulmonary hemorrhages, as well as individual pulmonary diseases, pneumothorax, emphysema, pulmonary hemorrhages, as well as individual pulmonary diseases, pneumothorax, emphysema, pulmonary hemorrhages, as well as individual pulmonary diseases, pneumothorax, emphysema, and pulmonary hemorrhages, as well as individual pulmonary diseases, pneumothorax, emphysema, and pulmonary hemorrhages, as well as individual pulmonary diseases, pneumothorax, emphysema, and pulmonary hemorrhages, as well as individual pulmonary diseases, pneumothorax, emphysema, and pulmonary hemorrhages, as well as individual pulmonary diseases used drugs.
In addition, inhalation, like almost all other physiotherapy procedures, cannot be carried out at body temperature exceeding 37.5-38 degrees. Also, some doctors say that this method of treatment is not suitable for children younger than a year, although sometimes therapy is prescribed at an earlier age, but only after an assessment of the possible risks and effects.
Get a suitable nebulizer and use it for its intended purpose!
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