Why do ultrasound?
Ultrasound - an ultrasound scan used in medicine for over 50 years. Such diagnostics are harmless to the body, there are practically no contraindications for it, but it finds its use in almost all branches of medicine. In some cases, such a study helps to avoid surgery, and this is an important reason why doing an ultrasound scan.
Application areas of ultrasound
Using ultrasound in therapeutics and surgery, they investigate tumors and also control them throughout the treatment.
You can identify diseases of the liver and pancreas: detection of changes in the structure of the liver tissue, determination of the size of the pancreas and liver, the presence of inflammation and sclerosis, stones in the bile.
Ultrasound is widely used in pediatrics. Practically from the first days of the birth of a child, it is possible to conduct studies of the head, kidneys, liver and heart, with the help of which it is possible to identify pathologies and take urgent measures of treatment even at early stages.
Due to the fact that ultrasonic impulses practically do not pass through the bones, in traumatology ultrasound is used less frequently, it is used only in the study of diseases of the joints. Most often, ultrasound here serves as a supplement to the X-ray method of research, which, unlike ultrasound, has a harmful effect. This explains why you need an ultrasound in the trauma area.
Application in gynecology
The most active use of ultrasound found in gynecology and obstetrics. Thanks to this research, it is possible to determine the duration of pregnancy, the weight of the fetus and the expected date of delivery, to see abnormalities in the development of the fetus and to begin timely treatment. At the present stage of development in obstetrics and gynecology, ultrasound diagnosis is practically indispensable.
Ultrasound is used to diagnose inflammation, uterine fibroids, female infertility, tumors, and ovarian cysts. With this type of research, control the growth of follicles in the ovaries, the process of ovulation; Ultrasound helps to detect hyperplasia and the presence of polyps.
In gynecology, there is also the concept of transvaginal ultrasound, in which a special sensor is inserted into the vagina. Many women are interested in why a condom on ultrasound. This is explained by the fact that it is not very convenient to sterilize the sensor after each patient. Doctors diagnosticians use condoms specially created for this, putting them on the machine to provide the necessary hygiene and a comfortable introduction.
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