What was Napoleon?
Everyone knows that Napoleon is a great French commander who ruled France in the early 19th century. What was the personality of Napoleon Bonaparte? In our article we will outline the main facts of his life story, and also dwell on the most interesting moments of his life.
- Napoleon was born on the island of Corsica in 1769 into a family that was descended from aristocrats who came to the island in the 16th century. At the age of 10, Napoleon’s father entered the French cadet school, where he spent his childhood, and then in the Paris military school, which he successfully completed as a lieutenant.
- Many do not know how much hardship Napoleon Bonaparte experienced in the first years after the training. The biography of his brilliant career began only after he was promoted to general after the capture of Toulon in 1793. After that, Napoleon successfully carried out the Italian and Egyptian campaigns, and in November 1799 he managed to carry out a coup d'état in France and concentrated all power in his hands. Having proclaimed himself emperor, he established a dictatorial regime, conducted several reforms, and also approved the Code of Napoleon by law.
- Napoleon had a lot of brilliant plans to conquer a number of countries, which he implemented in the next decade. So, with the victory Napoleon took Austria, Prussia, Poland, Holland, Spain, thus destroying the Holy Roman Empire. The main purpose of the emperor was the conquest of England, therefore, having won a number of victories in Eastern and Western Europe, in 1806 Napoleon proclaimed a continental blockade, according to which all the captured countries had to stop trading with England. The constant state of war in European countries led to the economic crisis of the whole of Europe, and in France the population began to express their dissatisfaction with the constant recruitment to the army. When in 1812 Napoleon went with the army to Russia, many understood that this was the beginning of the end.
- Having suffered defeat in Russia, Napoleon abdicated, and after an unsuccessful attempt to commit suicide, he was exiled to Elba Island in the Mediterranean Sea. Despite the fact that in 1815 Napoleon managed to leave this island, taking advantage of the unrest in France, his “one hundred days of rule” in France ended in defeat at Waterloo.The British, who took him prisoner, exiled him to St. Helena, away from Europe into the Atlantic Ocean. Thus, those who are interested in the question of what battle Napoleon died in will be disappointed: Bonaparte died on this island from cancer in 1821, actually being captured by the British.
Many researchers of the life of this great commander have always been interested in a number of the following questions:
- Growth. How tall was Napoleon? Naturally, almost all people know that Bonaparte was short, but it’s almost impossible to say exactly how tall he was. Various sources indicate that Napoleon's height ranged from 157 to 170 cm, but today it is recognized that the growth of Bonaparte was only 5 feet 2 inches, which is about 168 cm. This growth is not so small in principle, why, then, was the commander considered short? The fact is that since birth, Napoleon was pleased with a large head, because of which the rest of the figure imbalance was obtained. In addition, Napoleon became General at 26 when he was still a boy, while in France the generals were already aged, so the nickname “little corporal” stuck to him.
- Individuality.The personality of Napoleon was formed under the conditions of constant ridicule from classmates, who gave birth to an inferiority complex in the future commander. Defending himself from the attacks of his peers, who spread rot at his due to the fact that he is a Corsican, Bonaparte learned not only to resist against everyone, but also to prove that he is the best. So, from the inferiority complex grew ambitions that led Napoleon to conquer the world.
- Character. What was Napoleon? Some enthusiastically call him a man of genius, the greatest of those who ever lived on earth. Others consider him a bloodsucker and a tyrant, who for many years filled many countries with blood, with whom he fought to satisfy his lust for power.
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