What is the dirtiest river in the world
The dirtiest river of the planet
The Indonesian river Tsitarum is the most polluted river in the world and the dirtiest source of water on Earth. It flows on the large island of Java, where its waters are used by islanders for the needs of agriculture and water supply. Tsitrum is the main waterway of West Java, the river is so covered with a layer of debris that the air does not reach the surface of its water.
Forty years ago, the river had a normal appearance - people, animals, and plants took water from it, but in the 1980s, the Indonesian industry began to develop rapidly.
After the appearance of industrial and industrial enterprises in Indonesia, the Tsitarum basin turned into a natural dump, into which industrial waste was discharged and sewage was discharged. At the same time, the river itself has rather modest dimensions - only 10 meters wide and 5 meters deep. The settlements that use the river’s water as the main and only source suffer the most from pollution of Tsitarum.
People living near the dirtiest river in the world take water from it for cooking, hygienic procedures, irrigation of land and fill it with drinkers of animals. Despite the complete lack of sanitation, the unhappy islanders simply have no other way out — it’s impossible to find another source of water within their reach. However, some residents even manage to make money from their grief - they float around Tsitarum in boats and sort out huge piles of garbage, looking for raw materials suitable for recycling.
Tsitrum often gives searchers things that are washed, brought to normal appearance and sold as second-hand items.
Despite the monstrous pollution of the river, the state hammered the last nail into its coffin, having built a hydroelectric power station at Tsitarum. As a result, the ecological condition of the region finally deteriorated - after all, the hydroelectric power station made it difficult for the garbage heaps to float down the river, which led to their even greater accumulation and decay under the sunlight.
Today, the hydroelectric station practically does not work, because because of it, water cannot flow freely along the channel of Tsitarum, which is a deadlock.A few years ago, the Asian Development Bank invested $ 500 million in the purification of the river from human waste, but there is no improvement in the deplorable state of Tsitarum.
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