What is microlithiasis
Microlithiasis is a kidney disease, which is accompanied by the formation of stones in them - microliths. The composition and characteristics of stones depend on the surplus in the body of those substances that provoked the disease. Thus, the appearance of urate stones is associated with an excess of uric acid in the body. The formation of phosphate stones is a matter of “hands” of a large amount of phosphate acid, and oxalate stones are caused by a high concentration of salts of oxalic acid.
The cause of the disease can be unhealthy diet, bad habits and genetic predisposition to the accumulation of salts in the body. Some drugs, hard water, etc. can provoke the appearance of microliths in the kidneys. At first, the disease proceeds without symptoms. In advanced cases, patients go to the doctor when the pain in the lumbar region becomes unbearable, the urine darkens and there is blood in it. In addition, the patient may increase blood pressure and temperature.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of ultrasound and urinalysis. Treatment of the disease is complex and involves the conduct of drug therapy and the appointment of a dietary diet. Traditional treatment is carried out with the help of drugs that normalize the function of the kidneys, purify the blood and stimulate the dissolution and elimination of microliths from the body. With regard to dietary nutrition, it is necessary to adhere to the milk-vegetable diet, completely abandoning spicy and salty foods.
Emphasis should be placed on fruits and vegetables, especially watermelons. This berry normalizes the water-salt balance in the body and saturates it with essential minerals. In large quantities you need to consume water and better if it is mineral. Huge importance is attached to kidney grasses and collections. As soon as the metabolism is fully restored, microliths will begin to dissolve independently and be excreted in the urine.
For the prevention of microlithiasis, it is necessary to maintain a healthy lifestyle, give up bad habits, drink at least 2 liters of fluid a day and do not abuse heavy physical exertion. At the first symptoms of the disease should immediately consult a doctor.This will help prevent the development of such complications as renal colic, hydronephrosis, kidney failure, etc. In addition, in advanced cases, it is rarely possible to restore the patency of the kidneys with drugs and medicines. Most often, surgery is required.
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