What is an antiseptic?
An antiseptic is a remedy that is intended to disinfect wounds resulting from surgery and bruises. Antiseptics can be divided into two types: germicidal and bacteriostatic. The former are able to kill germs, and the latter prevent the appearance of pathogenic bacteria.
The action of antiseptics is based on the blocking of oxygen and the destruction of the nutrient medium for bacteria, and also antiseptics are able to raise the temperature in the area of application, which also affects the disease-causing organisms.
The use of antiseptics
Antiseptics began to be used in the late 19th century. Thanks to Joseph Lister, who popularized them in surgical practice, antiseptics have spread throughout the world. Currently, antiseptics are used both in everyday life and in medicine.
Most popular antiseptics
- The most common antiseptic is ethanol, which refers to alcohols. It is this alcohol used in the manufacture of tincture of iodine.
- Another equally effective antiseptic is boric acid. It is often used as an antiviral agent, as well as added to the cream for burns.
- In the CIS countries and Eastern Europe, the brilliant green solution is still widely used, which is considered in medicine to be quite effective against some types of bacteria.
- It is worth noting that antiseptics are also used in the food industry. They are added to canned food. In addition, many paints also contain antiseptics.
- Detergents that we use in everyday life also have antiseptic properties.
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