What a chance to get pregnant while taking contraceptives
The effect of hormonal contraceptive drugs
The contraceptive pills include artificially created hormones, which are most similar to the real hormones produced by the female body. A woman takes these pills every day, which affects the hormones and creates an imitation of pregnancy in the body. As a result, in due time, ovulation does not occur, that is, the egg does not mature, which means fertilization is impossible. The state of such a “chronic pregnancy” is normal for the female body, since without contraception, in natural conditions women spend a significant part of their lives in a state of pregnancy or feeding, when the ovaries do not have to work to create new eggs.
Hormonal drugs also make cervical mucus in the cervix more viscous, preventing the penetration of sperm inside, which reduces the risk of becoming pregnant, even if ovulation has occurred.And even if the sperm still penetrated to the egg, and fertilization happened, the action of oral contraceptives slows down the function of the fallopian tubes, which move the egg, so that it can attach to the wall of the uterus, and pregnancy finally has come. Thus, the chances of getting pregnant with the correct use of contraceptives with a sufficient amount of a hormone is very small.
Factors that increase the risk of getting pregnant
There are many cases when a woman takes birth control pills while they become pregnant. Most often this is due to violation of the rules of taking drugs. The first reason is that tablets are not taken according to the schedule described in the instructions. This may be the wrong time of admission, and skipping one, two or more pills. Even skipping one pill can lead to the maturation of the egg and unwanted pregnancy, it is also desirable to take them at about the same time, so that the delay is no more than twelve hours.
If you miss a pill, proceed according to the instructions for the drug.
Even if the schedule is complied with, the effect of the tablets may be disrupted by vomiting or diarrhea.If you experience these symptoms in less than four hours after ingestion, refer to the instructions, which usually require you to take another pill, since the first one is most likely not absorbed. Also after that it is necessary to use other methods of contraception for several days.
The chance of becoming pregnant while taking oral contraceptives increases with their use with certain medications or dietary supplements. In this case, hormones act worse on the body and do not suppress ovulation. The instructions to the contraceptive should be given a list of drugs that weaken the effect of tablets. Also very important is the correct selection of hormones.
If you become pregnant while taking hormonal contraceptives, immediately stop taking them and consult your doctor.
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