How to Read an Inch Ruler or Tape Measure
How to Read a Ruler
There are two types of rulers: the inch ruler with fractional division, and the metric ruler with decimal division.Reading a ruler can seem daunting with all the little lines, but it is quite simple. Once you understand the basics listed below, you'll have no trouble at all taking measurements with either type of ruler.
Reading an Inch Ruler
Get an inch ruler.You will know it is an inch ruler because it will have 12 lines that denote inches on the ruler. 12 inches equals 1 foot (0.305 m). Each foot is broken down into inches. Each inch is broken down into 15 smaller marks, equaling 16 marks in total for each inch on the ruler.
- The longer the line on the surface of the ruler, the bigger the measurement is. Ranging from 1 inch to 1/16 of an inch, the lines decrease in size as the unit of measurement does.
- Make sure you read the ruler from left to right. If you are measuring something, align it with the left side of the zero mark on the ruler. The left side of the line where the object ends will be its measurement in inches.
Learn the inch marks.A ruler is made up of 12 inch marks. These are typically the numbered marks on the ruler and are denoted by the longest lines on the ruler. For example, if you need to measure a nail, place one end directly on the left side of the ruler. If it ends directly above the long line next to the large number 5, then the nail is 5 inches long.
- Some rulers will also denote 1/2 inches with numbers, so make sure you are using the largest numbers with the longest lines as your inch markers.
Learn the 1/2 inch marks.The 1/2 inch marks will be the second longest lines on the ruler, half as long as the inch marks. Each 1/2 inch mark will come midway between each inch number because it is half of an inch. This means that marks directly between the 0 and 1 inch, 1 and 2 inches, 2 and 3 inches, and so on across the ruler, are the 1/2 inch marks. In total, there are 24 of these marks on a 12 inch ruler.
- For example, place the ruler against a pencil with the eraser at the far left of the ruler. Mark where the tip of the pencil lead ends on the ruler. If the pencil point ends at the shorter line halfway between the 4 and 5 inches marks, then your pencil is 4 and 1/2 inches long.
Learn the 1/4 of an inch marks.halfway in between each 1/2 inch line, there will be a smaller line that denotes a 1/4 of an inch. In the first inch, these marks will mark 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, and 1 inch. Although the 1/2 inch and 1 inch marks have their own lines, they are still part of the 1/4 of an inch measurements because 2/4 of an inch equals half an inch and 4/4 of an inch equals 1 inch. There are a total of 48 of these marks on a 12 inch ruler.
- For example, if you measure a carrot and the tip falls on the line halfway between the 6 1/2 and 7 inch lines, the carrot is 6 and 3/4 inches long.
Learn the 1/8 of an inch marks.The 1/8 of an inch marks are the smaller marks found directly in between the 1/4 of an inch marks on the ruler. Between 0 and 1 inch, there are marks that denote 1/8, 1/4 (or 2/8), 3/8, 1/2 (or 4/8), 5/8, 6/8 (or 3/4), 7/8, and 1 (or 8/8) of an inch. In total, there are 96 of these marks on a 12 inch ruler.
- For example, you measure a piece of fabric and the edge falls on the 6th line after the 4 inch mark, which is directly in between the 1/4 of an inch mark and the 1/2 inch mark. This means that your fabric is 4 and 3/8 inches long.
Learn the 1/16 of an inch marks.The small lines halfway between each 1/8 of an inch denote 1/16 of an inch. These are also the smallest lines on the ruler. The very first line on the left hand side of the ruler is the 1/16 of an inch mark. Between 0 and 1 inch, there are marks that denote 1/16, 2/16 (or 1/8), 3/16, 4/16 (or 1/4), 5/16, 6/16 (or 3/8), 7/16, 8/16 (or 1/2), 9/16, 10/16 (or 5/8), 11/16, 12/16 (3/4), 13/16, 14/16 (or 7/8), 15/16, 16/16 (or 1) of an inch. There are a total of 192 of these lines on the ruler.
- For example, you measure a flower stem and the end of the stem falls on the 11th line after the 5 inch mark. The flower stem is 5 and 11/16 inches long.
- Not every ruler will have the 1/16 inch mark. If you plan on measuring things that are small or you need to be extremely accurate, make sure the ruler you use has these marks.
Reading a Metric Ruler
Get a metric ruler.A metric ruler is based on the International System of Units (SI), sometimes called the metric system, and is divded into either millimeters or centimeters instead of inches. Rulers are often 30 centimeters long, which are designated by large numbers on the ruler. Between each centimeter (cm) mark, there should be 10 smaller marks called millimeters (mm).
- Make sure you read the ruler from left to right. If you are measuring an object, align it with the left side of the zero mark on the ruler. The left side of the line where the object ends will be its measurement in centimeters. This way the line thickness will not affect the measurement.
- Unlike with the English ruler, the measurements for the metric ruler are written in decimals instead of fractions. For example, 1/2 a centimeter is written as 0.5 cm.
Learn the centimeter marks.The large numbers next to the longest lines on the ruler denote the centimeter marks. A metric ruler has 30 of these marks. For example, place the bottom of a crayon on the far left side of the ruler to measure it. Note where the tip falls. If the crayon ends directly on the long line next to the large number 14, your crayon is exactly 14cm long.
Learn the 1/2 of a centimeter marks.halfway between each centimeter, there is a slightly shorter line that denotes 1/2 of a centimeter, or 0.5cm. There are a total of 60 of these marks on a 30 cm ruler.
- For example, you measure a button and the edge ends on the fifth line right between the 1 and 2 centimeter marks. Your button is 1.5cm long.
- For example, to measure 0.6 cm, count one thick line (5 mm) and one thin line (1 mm).
Learn the millimeter marks.Between each 0.5cm line, there are four additional lines that denote the millimeter marks. There are a total of 10 lines per centimeter, with the 0.5cm line acting as the 5 millimeter mark, making each centimeter 10mm long. There are 300 millimeter marks on a 30 cm ruler.
- For example, if you measure a piece of paper and it ends on the 7th mark between the 24 and 25 centimeter mark, it means your object is 247mm, or 24.7cm, long.
QuestionWhat is 55.5? Is that larger than 55 1/4?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThe 55.5 is larger than 55 1/4. the .5 on the 55.5 would equal 1/2. Therefore, 55.5 is equal to 55 1/2 which is 1/4" larger than 55 1/4.Thanks!
QuestionCan I learn to read a ruler in one day?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYes, but it really depends on what type of ruler you want to learn as well as how fast you pick up new materialThanks!
QuestionWhat does it mean when mm is shown just beside the 0 in a ruler?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerEach small line represents 1mm. Therefore, the first line past the big number (for instance 25) will represent 25.1cm or 251mm.Thanks!
QuestionWhere can I find the centimeter markers on a ruler?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThe centimeters side is usually the part of the ruler where the markers are shorter and closer together. It reads cm, and has more numbers.Thanks!
QuestionWhy there is a space at the beginning of a ruler?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerSome lower quality rulers have spaces at the beginning to make the rulers easier to use. Higher quality rulers are often made of non-elastic materials like steel or aluminum, and their markings start without any space.Thanks!
QuestionWhat does 0.75 cm look like?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerIt's in the middle between the 7th and 8th millimeter lines in a centimeter. In other words, it ends in the middle of the second half of a centimeter.Thanks!
QuestionIs 7/8 larger than 1 inch?wikiHow ContributorCommunity Answer7/8 is smaller than 1 inch. 1 inch represents a whole, while 7/8 represents 7 parts of a whole (8 parts).Thanks!
QuestionIs 12 inches longer than a foot? I am feeling stumped by this.wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThey're the same 12in = 1ft.Thanks!
QuestionIs 5.5 mm closer to a half inch or a quarter inch?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerA quarter inch. 6 mm is almost a quarter inch, whereas half an inch looks closer to 12-13 mm, so 5.5 would be close to a quarter of an inch.Thanks!
QuestionWhy are there five holes in my 12" ruler?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerSo you can put the ruler in a 3- or 5-ring binder to use in school or in an office environment.Thanks!
How do I read millimeters on a ruler?
Why can't I use a regular tape measure to figure out my ring size?
What about if I'm trying to find out 2 inches or 3 inches?
Where is 2/3" on a ruler?
How many millimeters are in an inch?
To read a metric ruler, look at the long lines on the ruler that are numbered 1-30, otherwise known as the centimeter marks. The distance between them is equal to 1 centimeter. To read an English ruler, start by looking at the longest lines on the ruler that are numbered 1-12. These lines are the inch marks, and the distance between each line is equal to 1 inch.
- Learning to read a ruler takes practice, especially converting the numbers in the measurements. Just remember to practice using your ruler and you'll get better at it.
- Make sure you always use the correct side of the ruler for the task at hand. You don't want to get the centimeters and the inches mixed up or your measurements won't be correct. Remember that there are 12 large numbers on an English ruler and 30 numbers on the metric ruler.
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