How to grow chamomile on your site?
Surely a flower like chamomile is familiar to everyone. It is found in many gardens, and if you also want to start growing it, then find out how to do it right.
What is this plant?
Probably daisies have seen everything, because the appearance of such flowers is very memorable: a yellow little middle and long numerous petals. Stems are rather long, leaves are small and elongated. The plant is a perennial and belongs to the family Compositae or Astrov. The word "daisy" was partly borrowed from the Polish language, and from Latin it is translated as "Roman". Another well-known name is cornfields.
There are many varieties of chamomile, but the most common among them is the pharmacy and garden (it is found in many gardens and has excellent decorative properties). Flowering begins in early summer and lasts until September.
How to grow?
Growing chamomile on the site can be carried out in the following ways:
- Sowing in open ground.It is called podzyme, as it is carried out before the onset of cold weather. And this is a kind of hardening of seeds, allowing you to run important processes in them and achieve active development in the warm season. But it is important to place them in the ground just before the cold, that is, at the end of autumn. If you do it earlier, then after a short heat, the first shoots may appear, and they, of course, will freeze. But if you do not want to harden the seeds, you can plant them after frost, that is, closer to the end of April or early to mid-May. Usually shoots appear fairly quickly, but they will not bloom in the first year.
- The second method also assumes cultivation from seeds, but it is carried out by a seedling method, and it is this option that makes it possible to obtain quite strong shoots. In early March, place the seeds in small containers filled with soil (moisten it before planting). Cover them with either glass or transparent film (a regular plastic bag will do). Having seen the first shoots, remove the film and regularly moisten the soil. And when the shoots will get stronger, and several leaves will appear on them, you can move them to the garden soil, but it is better to do it by the beginning of summer.It is not worth deeply deepening them into the ground, but it is important to maintain the distance between the holes, which is about 40-50 centimeters. And shake off the ground with rhizomes is not recommended, so you minimize the risk of damage.
Particular attention should be paid to the soil in which you will grow chamomile. These flowers feel comfortable and actively grow in light soil, for example, calcareous. But it should be quite nutritious and well preserving moisture.
It is also worth choosing a place that is optimal for growing, because the flower will hold it for at least 5-7 years. The site should be sunny, protected from strong gusts of wind and warm, but preferably open.
How to care?
Proper care of chamomile is in compliance with the following rules:
- Watering is required moderate. Although they love chamomile moisture, they will not tolerate its stagnation and waterlogging, because of this the roots can simply rot. But during dry periods, the amount of moisture and the frequency of watering should be increased, since drought adversely affects flowering and growth.
- Lighting. Chamomile loves the sun's rays, so the lighting should be sufficient and even excessive.In no case do not place it in the shade, it will not tolerate.
- Feeding is carried out twice. The first should be held in May, preferably before landing. For such purposes, the ideal is the so-called nitrophoska (two tablespoons per bucket of water, five liters of mixture per square meter of soil). The second time fertilizer should be applied after the flowering period, and it is better to use potassium sulfate and superphosphate (a tablespoon per bucket of water).
- Wintering. Since the plant is a perennial, it should be preserved for the next year. Chamomile is very frost-resistant, but still you need to create optimal conditions for a successful wintering. Firstly, cut off the entire above-ground part, and secondly, cover the bushes, for example, with spruce branches or conifer needles.
- Soil care. He assumes regularly spent improving procedures. The first is weeding, that is, the removal of weeds. The second is loosening, which allows to distribute moisture and prevent the roots from rotting. Also, the soil should be mulched, it prevents the strong evaporation of water and penetration to the root system of insects.
- To “rejuvenate” the plant, divide the bush every three or four years.
Flowers multiply not only by seeds, but also by dividing the bush. But separate the processes of the underground part should be carefully, because the roots of chamomile are very delicate, they are easy to damage.
Chamomile can be subject to such diseases as gray rot, powdery mildew, spotting, rust, fusarium. Also, the plant can be attacked by pests: thrips, aphids, pennitsa.
To chamomile took a special place in the garden, learn how to properly care for her!
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