First aid for snake bites
It is necessary to thank nature for the fact that the appearance with which she endowed the snakes warns at once - nothing good will come of them! Of course, there is also a benefit from them for the destruction of rodents, the use of poison for medical purposes, and of the variety of creeping reptiles, only 10% are dangerous with their poison. However, an unexpected encounter with them in terms of nature does not instantly recall all the data on coloring, head structure, length and habits. Knowledge, which must always be in the head of a person, is the first aid for a snake bite.
All snakes are dangerous
As a rule, a bite or blow of a snake is a means of its self-defense. She defends against you! The bite is painful and harmful not only from a venomous snake. There are a large number of bacteria, microorganisms, and remnants of rotting food in the oral cavity of reptiles, which, if they enter the human body, can also cause severe infection. Assistance with a snake bite should be timely and adequate response to the provision of qualified medical care.
Snake Venom Clinic
By their action, snake venoms are divided into neurotoxic and hemovasotoxic. The first has a curare-like effect: it inhibits the nervous system, paralyzes the central respiratory organs and can cause death from paralysis. Poisons of the second group cause a violation of blood clotting, a change in the dynamic indices of the heartbeat, as a result of spasms. These are the most famous effects of a snake bite.
Symptoms of a poisonous snake bite
Taking into account the fact that the throw of a snake is swift, it can often occur in a wooded area and thickets, after which it quickly retreats, it is necessary to know the main signs of a bite.
- Visually, one or two point wounds should be observed.
- As a rule, after 10-15 minutes, swelling occurs at the site of the bite, spreading to the entire limb or body area.
- Bite pain is very strong, hard and long lasting.
- Sight weakens, breathing becomes difficult.
- The temperature rises, fever, muscle weakness, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting appear.
It is necessary to clearly know what to do when a snake bites. After identifying a poisonous bite, the first priority is calm and composure.Panic and nervousness must be eliminated, since anxiety can increase blood circulation and the spread of poison throughout the body. Examine the wound and clothes; poison may remain on it. It is advisable to try to remove the poison from the wound as much as possible (using a pear heated to a jar), in the exceptional case if there are no open wounds in the mouth, you can suck it out with your mouth. This procedure allows you to extract up to 50% of snake venom. Next, the bite site must be treated with antiseptic agents, the skin around the wound treated with green paint or alcohol. A tight sterile dressing is applied, the purpose of which is to impede the flow of lymph. For this, it is also necessary to ensure the immobile state of the affected limb or part of the body. It is advisable to consume a large amount of fluid. To reach the nearest point of care should be accompanied only, and not moving yourself.
You can not impose a tourniquet, as this can lead to necrosis and amputation of the limb, do not cauterize the bite, except for a burn it will not do anything, do not need to drink bitten alcohol.
Poisonous snakes of Russia
The main poisonous snake of Russia is an adder, common in the middle belt, Siberia and the Far East, it is found in forest and forest-steppe areas.It is found in mixed forests, along rivers, lakes and streams. The southern regions of Russia are represented by such snakes as the steppe viper, the Caucasian viper and the common shtekomordnik. The bites of poisonous snakes in Russia are also dangerous and require a quick response.
Memo to travelers
For travel lovers, we note that the highest mortality rate from snake bites is still recorded in India, up to 250,000 people bite here in a year, of which up to 50,000 die, the cobra is mainly to blame for this. And the most poisonous land snake is considered to be taipan, it is found in Australia and mortality from its bite occurs 50% of cases, within 4-10 hours after the bite, the poison of this snake is 180 times stronger than the poison of the cobra.
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