Emotional burnout: symptoms, signs, prevention
Burnout syndrome - symptoms and prevention.
Throughout our lives, we experience a variety of emotions: admiration, outrage, resentment, joy, and many others. But sometimes it happens that the emotional life suddenly grows dull and the person stops feeling those or other emotions. Website tips will help to understand this reason.
What does the term emotional burnout mean?
It appeared in the mid 70s of the XX century. Psychologists, studying the activities of medical workers, have noticed the fact that many of them, helping people and even saving them from death, treat them detached, indifferent, and sometimes completely negative. After analyzing the work of these specialists, the scientists introduced a new concept - “emotional burnout», «burnout syndromeOr abbreviated CMEA.
This research led psychologists to the idea that there is another stressful illness. This emotional disturbance occurs as a result of excessive emotional stress in the process of professional activity of a person. This problem has been studied and studied for a long time. As a result, scientists concluded that “burnout of personality” is typical for people of those professions who, in the course of their work, regularly interact with people, should help them and share spiritual warmth. These include: educators, medical workers, psychologists, managers and social workers. But this does not mean that workers in other areas are not subject to emotional burnout of the individual.
Emotional burnout is a mental phenomenon of a negative nature that causes emotional exhaustion. In other words, this phenomenon occurs in those moments when a person spends his emotional energy for a long time and at the same time does not have the time and opportunity to replenish it.
Imagine your mobile phone. If you use it continuously for a long time: call friends, write messages, listen to the player and the radio, play games, then its battery will be exhausted very quickly.To return the phone to a working state, you need to connect it to the network. And only then he will be charged with the necessary energy. So it is in the human body. The only difference is that the phone's battery will beep for the user, warning that it is low. But the emotional “battery” in the human body is not capable of giving such signals. That is why a person cannot feel when his emotional capabilities have reached their limit.
Symptoms and signs of emotional burnout.
Signs of "burn on the face."
This problem does not occur suddenly, suddenly. This accumulates over a period of time and only sometimes manifests itself in the form of certain symptoms.
Before emotional burnout, a person is actively working for wear, labor enthusiasm and increased activity in all areas of activity. After all, before you burn out, a person must burn. Without ignition and burning, burnout of emotions cannot occur.
But it is worth noting that the point here is not in the work activity itself, but in the emotional recharge that a person receives.If there is a high-quality and regular energy supply, then such labor enthusiasm can be shown throughout life and at the same time never be faced with the problem of burnout syndrome.
This does not occur at the time of excessive workloads, but when these loads take the form of regular stress, when there is a significant gap between the demands of personal life or work and the human resources of the human body. Or, for example, because of a chronic conflict, which can significantly deplete any person’s own resources.
So, after increased activity and working enthusiasm, a period of exhaustion and exhaustion comes. The first sign of decreased activity is the lack of desire to go to work. This is especially felt after the weekend. “Burning out” employees, coming to work, try to fulfill their work duties to the minimum or to avoid them altogether. The teacher does not notice the problems of his students, the doctor does not want to listen to the complaints of his patients and he simply brushes them off, and the manager sends his visitors to other specialists.
At this stage, the person begins to fulfill his duties only formally on the machine. From time to time, you can hear the following statements: “how am i fed up», «every day all the same". Moreover, these words he says about those people to help whom is his direct responsibility.
And if the peculiarities of work do not allow him to bring the fulfillment of work responsibilities to a minimum, then this is manifested in his personal life. A person begins to reluctantly communicate with friends and family, in every possible way shirries from doing household chores.
Reducing work activity leads to the fact that the employee loses the opportunity to move up the career ladder, grow professionally and engage in professional creativity. Without noticing it, a person refuses meaningful goals for him. The doctor stops the scientific activity that has so fascinated him before, the teacher refuses to study and use new technologies, the manager ceases to strive to move up the career path.
Dissatisfaction with their professional activities can lead someone to aggression, and someone to depression.It depends on the psychological characteristics of each individual. In the first case, he will blame everyone around him for his failures: colleagues, friends, family, bosses. And in the second - himself and his personal qualities: "It's my fault that I can not do anything. I'm not capable of anything».
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